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General Surgery

general surgery We offer a complete range of investigations, medical procedures and surgeries at our hospitals. The treatment procedures listed below is a partial list only. To enquire about treatment for your condition, please click the link at the bottom of this page.

Appendicitis is the inflammation and infection of the appendix, a small, finger-shaped pouch that is located at the junction of the large and small intestines.

Appendectomy is the surgical procedure for removal of the appendix,. Surgery, normally complication free, is the standard treatment for appendicitis and patients usually recover from appendectomy without experiencing complications.

Duration of stay: 4 days

The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped sac that is located beneath the liver in the upper right side of the abdomen.

Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder when there are disorders such as gallstones (small, solid accumulations composed of cholesterol and bile salts). The gallbladder is not an essential organ although its function is important.

Duration of stay: 10 days

Gastrectomy is indicated for the treatment of bleeding gastric ulcer, stomach cancer and noncancerous polyps. This procedure involves the surgical removal of all or part of the stomach.

A large incision is made just below the breastbone to the navel. If the lower end of the stomach is diseased, clamps are placed on either end of the area and that portion of the stomach is removed. The upper part of the stomach is then attached to the small intestine.

If the upper end of the stomach is diseased, the affected portion is removed, and the lower part of the stomach is attached to the esophagus. Total gastrectomy is done when most of the stomach is affected. The stomach is removed and the esophagus is joined to the intestine. Lymph nodes, a section of the pancreas, and the spleen may also need to be removed if there is cancer.

Duration of stay: 10 days

A hernia is caused by a weakening of the inner layers of the abdominal muscle. The lining of the abdomen projects out in the form of a small sac, which is sometimes penetrated by abdominal tissue and part of the intestine.

Hernias may occur in the groin, the navel, at the incision site of a previous surgery or when the lower part of the esophagus and a portion of the stomach slide up through the esophageal hiatus.

Hernias are repaired by open surgery or by laparoscopic surgery. In either case, the hernia sac is opened and the intestine or other tissue are released into the abdomen. The abdominal muscle tissue is pulled back together using a synthetic mesh or a suture. The result is a reinforcement of the weakened area.

Duration of stay: 2 days

The spleen is an important organ in fighting infection. It is found in the upper left-hand side of the abdomen, partly protected by the ribcage.

Splenectomy is the surgical removal of the spleen and is most commonly done to treat Hypersplenism which is not a specific disease but a group of symptoms, caused by several different disorders. For patients with primary cancers of the spleen and a blood disorder called hereditary spherocytosis (HS), splenectomy is the only course of treatment.

Complete splenectomy takes place when the entire spleen is removed. In partial splenectomy the surgeon removes only part of the spleen. This may be a useful compromise that reduces pain caused by an enlarged spleen while leaving intact some portion of the spleen function.

In Laparoscopic splenectomy the spleen is removed using a minimally invasive technique that involves the use of surgical instruments, with the assistance of a tiny camera and video monitor

Thyroidectomy is the removal of all or part of the thyroid gland, which lies as two distinct lobes close to the voice box in the throat region. The most common indications for thyroidectomy include a large growth in the thyroid gland, difficulty in breathing or swallowing caused by a thyroid mass, suspected or proven cancer of the thyroid gland and hyperthyroidism (excess production of the thyroid hormone).

It is sometimes necessary for the surgeon to remove one or more of the parathyroid glands also while removing the thyroid gland.

The surgeon may decide on the extent of surgery (total or partial) in the course of surgery itself after examination of tissue samples removed during the surgery.

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